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Introduction

er.jpg|thumb|Marshaller stopping an aircraft]] Aircraft marshalling is visual signalling between ground personnel and pilots on an airport, aircraft carrier or helipad. Marshalling is one-on-one visual communication and a part of aircraft ground handling. It may be as an alternative to, or additional to, radio communications between the aircraft and air traffic control. The usual equipment of a marshaller is a reflecting safety vest, a helmet with acoustic earmuffs, and gloves or marshaling wands?handheld illuminated beacons.At airports, the marshaller signals the pilot to keep turning, slow down, stop, and shut down engines, leading the aircraft to its parking stand or to the runway. Sometimes, the marshaller indicates directions to the pilot by driving a "Follow-Me" car (usually a yellow van or pick-up truck with a checkerboard pattern) prior to disembarking and resuming signalling. This, however, is not an industry standard.At busier and better equipped airports, marshallers are replaced on some stands with a Visual Docking Guidance System (VDGS), of which there are many types.On aircraft carriers or helipads, marshallers give take-off and landing clearances to aircraft and helicopters, where the very limited space and time between take-offs and landings makes radio communications a difficult alternative.



        Introduction
                ICAO aircraft marshalling signals
                Helicopter marshalling signals


ICAO aircraft marshalling signals

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) defines several important codes for use in international aviationImage:aircraft hand signal all clear.svg|All clearImage:aircraft hand signal flagman directs.svg|Flagman directs pilot (stop)Image:aircraft hand signal insert chocks.svg|Insert chocksImage:aircraft hand signal pull chocks.svg|Pull chocksImage:aircraft hand signal start engine.svg|Start enginesImage:aircraft hand signal cut engines.svg|Cut enginesImage:aircraft hand signal proceed straight ahead.svg|Proceed straight aheadImage:aircraft hand signal turn left.svg|Turn leftImage:aircraft hand signal turn right.svg|Turn rightImage:aircraft hand signal slow down.svg|Slow downImage:aircraft hand signal stop.svg|Stop (emergency stop)




Helicopter marshalling signals

Image:helicopter hand signal takeoff.svg|LIFT OFFImage:helicopter hand signal land.svg|LANDImage:helicopter hand signal move upward.svg|MOVE UPWARDImage:helicopter hand signal move downward.svg|MOVE DOWNWARDImage:helicopter hand signal move left.svg|MOVE LEFTImage:helicopter hand signal move right.svg|MOVE RIGHTImage:helicopter hand signal move forward.svg|MOVE FORWARDImage:helicopter hand signal move rearward.svg|MOVE REARWARDImage:helicopter hand signal hold-hover.svg|HOLD-HOVERImage:helicopter hand signal release load.svg|RELEASE SLING LOAD





 
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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License [copyleft]. This page may use material from the Wikipedia article "Aircraft_marshalling". Aircraft_marshalling